One of the most confusing aspects of learning to sew and do needlepoint is the deciphering of the various stitches and patterns that are available. Working from a sewing kit is comparatively easy as each kit has specific instructions for all the material to be used and the process to use it. But if you are trying to sew a dress of your own choice and idea then the basics of stitching play an important role. This is a "learning by doing" experience and the more one practices, more the finesse is acquired.
To create a desired garment, the first fundamental step is to know about the various stitches and the related tools that are used for sewing. Some of these can be classified according to their uses and also the canvas on which they can be used. Some of the most common stitches could be enumerated as follows:
Straight Stitches are very basic and simple. It is always advisable to learn sewing with this primary thing as it can be mastered very quickly. These are done in a straight line as is clear from the name of the stitch. Thread is worked either vertically or horizontally on the canvas. Some of the commonly practiced straight stitches are the long, the Florentine and the back stitch.
Cross Stitch is another most basic and one of the most popularly used thread working pattern. They are mainly used during needlepoint tapestry work. As the name itself signifies, it is made by crossing threads over each other. The size can change depending on the thickness of the thread and canvas on which it is being done. Some of the common cross stitches are the basic cross stitch, fishbone, herringbone as well as waffle stitch.
Diagonal Stitch: As is implicit from the nomenclature, it is worked up in a slanting pattern. These are a bit dicey kind as you have to maintain the appropriate tension while working with them. This won't warp your canvas. Some of them are the basket weave and also the continental stitch.
Composite Stitch: Pattern having this kind of embroidery has a 3-dimension kind of look. There is usually more than one type of stitch included in this process. These are generally large and may not cover the entire canvas. There are many needlepoint works which can be called as composite stitches like the start, the leaf and also the triangle stitch.
All of these can be used depending on the pattern you are trying out. There are many different types of patterns which are based on the occasion, time and the kind of clothing to be made. Some of the clothes are made for special occasions like the Halloween's Day or Christmas and the stitches would depend on the fabric that is being used. The curtains and home décor furnishing need a different set of threadwork as they need to be done beautifully and also with finesse.
Hence the type of stitch and the pattern are interdependent on each other. If they are both systematically put, the garment can be made into an exclusive piece of art.